2008 年 6 月 26 日

Noun が verb て form います (intransitive)

As in the examples above, when the speaker describes the state he/she sees in front of him/her as it is, the subject of the action is indicated with が. The window was broken in the past and as present it's consequence remains (it is broken). Verbs which are used with this expression are intransitive verbs (used without a direct object; the verbs used with a direct object are transitive verbs), and most of them indicate an immediate act or action.

Note that when describing the past, verb て form plus いました is used.

Verbて form + しまいました

  1. Verb て form + しまいました is an expression which emphasises that an action or event has been completed.